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About IP:

An IP address, or Internet Protocol address, is a numerical label assigned to each device that is part of a computer network using the Internet Protocol for communication. These addresses are used to identify and locate devices on a network, allowing them to communicate with each other over the internet. Here's how IP addresses work:

Device Identification:

When a device connects to the internet, it is assigned a unique IP address. This address serves as a digital identifier for the device on the network. It can be compared to a telephone number for a phone or a street address for a physical location, enabling other devices to find and communicate with it. ...

Routing Data:

IP addresses are essential for routing data packets across the internet. When you send data (e.g., a request to load a web page or an email), the data is broken down into smaller packets. These packets are then transmitted through various routers and network devices to reach their destination.

Source and Destination:

Each data packet includes the IP address of the sender (source) and the IP address of the intended recipient (destination). Routers and network devices use these addresses to determine where to send the packets next. They consult routing tables to decide which path the packets should take through the network to reach the destination.

Network Segmentation:

P addresses are structured hierarchically and include information about the network to which a device belongs. This hierarchical structure allows for efficient network segmentation, which means devices can be grouped into subnets or networks for better organization and management.

There are two main versions of IP addresses:

IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4):

IPv4 addresses consist of four sets of numbers, separated by dots (e.g., 192.168.1.1). However, the pool of available IPv4 addresses has been nearly exhausted due to the growth of the internet.

IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6):

IPv6 was introduced to overcome the limitations of IPv4 by providing a much larger address space. IPv6 addresses are longer and expressed as eight groups of hexadecimal digits separated by colons (e.g., 2001:0db8:85a3:0000:0000:8a2e:0370:7334).

In summary, IP addresses play a crucial role in the functioning of the internet by uniquely identifying devices, enabling data routing, and allowing devices to communicate with each other across networks. They are fundamental to the way data is transmitted and received on the internet.

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